I don't think so. Most of the Marvel origin movies follow their comic book origins pretty closely. And Robocop had Verhoeven's over-the-top, satirical humor. The Marvel movies tend to have slapstick or verbal humor, not much satire. Robocop is a tragic hero story, like Frankenstein, Swamp Thing, Darkman. It's part monster movie. His origin destroyed his body, his memories, and separated him from his wife and child. It's not a theme the MCU does with its characters much. Some similar stuff came up in Black Widow, but not to that much of an extent. Most of the MCU heroes are clearly happier and better off after their origins are told. Even with the Hulk, they haven't gone for any of the pathos even seen on the old TV series, and he gets more cheerful in each successive movie. The concept that he has this beast inside him that can break out into a rage at any minute and hurt even the people he loves isn't there. Wolverine's origin story as detailed in the comics bears some resemblance to the Robocop story (losing his memories, being rebuilt by the government as a weapon). I'm not sure if those details about Wolverine were defined before or after 1987.