"Tom Dooley" was based on a real event: the 1866 murder of a woman named Laura Foster, allegedly by a man named Tom Dula (whose last name was pronounced as if spelled "Dooley"). A local poet named Thomas Land wrote the poem that became the song. The first known recording was in 1929 for Victor; Frank Warner then recorded it for Elektra in 1952, which is where the Kingston Trio found it. The success of "Tom Dooley " started a folk-music boom in the United States. The Kingstons themselves became one of America's most popular artists; their first five studio albums hit #1 on the chart, and during much of November and December 1959, they had four albums in the top 10 simultaneously, a feat unmatched in all the time since. Combined with Frank Sinatra and Nat King Cole, the Kingston Trio helped Capitol Records become the #1 pop-music album label in the States. Hundreds of folk groups formed around the country, including, among many others, the Chad Mitchell Trio and the Brothers Four. Early on, they did either traditional folk songs or more innocuous recent compositions, and they generally sold more albums than singles. That would change in 1962 with the advent of Peter, Paul and Mary, whose first hit single was a song co-written by Pete Seeger, "If I Had a Hammer." Seeger had been blacklisted during the Red Scare, and it was the first time one of his songs had been on the radio in a decade, since the Weavers had been unceremoniously dropped by Decca in 1952. (A year earlier, the Kingstons had recorded another Seeger co-composition, "Where Have All the Flowers Gone?") Solo folk singers, most notably Bob Dylan, emerged in 1962 as well; folk music became such a fad that ABC started a folk-music TV show called Hootenanny and song parodist Allan Sherman called his first album My Son, the Folk Singer. And it pretty much all started with "Tom Dooley."