of course, of course, you're right. But it's the Canned Heat song that was on the radio when Ray was writing Arthur. Of course Ray must've known where they got it from, but my point is it's still possible/probable that the CH song gave him inspiration for the victorious Victoria chorus… because it didn't have one!!! It has nothing to do with "nicking" (well Canned Heat nicked, not the Kinks !), it has to do with bouncing off ideas from what they hear on the radio, sampling, being inspired, being creative etc. just like rock'n roll people do. Now, about the song itself, Ray's unusual voice tone is indicative of the fact he sings (partly) in character. I've heard everything about Victoria. That it's a patriotic song, that it's a satire, that it’s an anthem about the good old days/ways of the British Empire, or a criticism of colonisation. For me, the beauty of it is that it's all of that rolled into one masterpiece. The character is singing with a patriotic fervor, but he's still a poor lad, regurgitating propaganda notions. It doesn't mean he doesn't believe in them (he does), it doesn't even mean Ray doesn't believe in them (I'm sure he also does, to an extent). Because in my view, Ray and his character are intertwined, thus the mention of "village greens". The key line for that would be "I Was Born / Lucky Me / In a Land / That I Love". It's Ray that does the little tongue in cheek "between comas" satirical effect on the "lucky me" bit (like it means the character's not that lucky after all). The song's power lies in the fact that, as far as England goes, or Great Britain, satire and patriotism always used to go hand in hand, they seem to be one and the same, both being born out of affection. I should stress the fact that I say this from a french perspective : in my country, we don't have the same tradition at all. When we criticize our History or our institutions, past and present, it's often with violence, spiteful disenchantment and no tenderness whatsoever (remember what we do to our kings and queens). In France, it's either patriotism or hard criticism, and I'll argue we (mostly) suck at satire just because of that.